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dc.contributor.advisor Skouteris, Thomas
dc.contributor.advisor Lorite, Alexander
dc.contributor.advisor Sayed, Hani Chege, Mbugua
dc.creator Chege, Mbugua 2012-01-10T16:59:00Z 2012-01-10T16:59:00Z 2014-05-30T15:00:04Z 2011 Fall 2012-01-10T16:59:00Z
dc.description.abstract The opening of ICC investigations in Kenya in March 2010 incorporated a proprio motu decision and an authorization by the Pre-Trial Chamber of the court. Post-election violence in the months between December 2007 and January 2008 were the basis of the supposed crimes committed by individuals in Kenya. Because Kenya did not forward a referral, and the Security Council did not issue a resolution to request the opening of investigations, the Prosecutor of the ICC was required to establish to the Pre-Trial Chamber that there was reasonable basis to move forward with investigations. According to the Pre-Trial Chamber's ruling, the Prosecutor had reasonable basis to suspect violations of the laws of the Rome Statute. What has made the ICC's role in Kenya unique and controversial is the use of proprio motu powers for opening Kenya to ICC investigations, and the implications of interpretations of legal principles outlined in the statute of the ICC. As established in the Rome Statute, one of the primary roles of the ICC Pre-Trial Chamber is to ensure that the Prosecutor does not initiate investigations beyond his legal capacity. When presented with the information from the Office of the Prosecutor, the Pre-Trial Chamber authorized the investigations on the basis of a description of â reasonable basis.â In the absence of a clear and concise description of the term in the Rome Statute, the Pre-Trial Chamber derived meaning from interpretations of a number of articles that relate to standards of evidence. Additionally, the Pre-Trial Chamber explained why it believes that gravity and admissibility existed in the situation in Kenya, warranting the exercise of its jurisdiction for serious crimes. Pertinent articles in the Rome Statute will be examined to determine whether the decision was in fact in accordance with the principles of the ICC. An analysis of three requirements for investigations in the Rome Statute including reasonability, admissibility, and gravity, is carried out to determine whether a legally sound interpretation was followed. The legality of the decision to open investigations is the primary focus, taking into account arguments from non-Rome Statute States citing a fear of frivolous litigation. A discussion of the Pre-Trial Chamber's authorization and the dissenting opinion of one of the judges in the chamber will also be discussed to underscore the difficulty in interpreting the prosecutorial discretion and limitations within the ICC. en
dc.format.medium theses en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.rights Author retains all rights with regard to copyright. en
dc.subject International Criminal Court en
dc.subject Kenya en
dc.subject Propria motu en
dc.subject.lcsh Thesis (M.A.)--American University in Cairo en
dc.subject.lcsh International Criminal Court.
dc.subject.lcsh International criminal courts -- Kenya.
dc.subject.lcsh Crimes against humanity -- Kenya.
dc.subject.lcsh Criminal liability -- Kenya.
dc.subject.lcsh Criminal liability (International law)
dc.subject.lcsh International crimes -- Kenya.
dc.title The legality of the International Criminal Court investigations in Kenya en
dc.type Text en
dc.subject.discipline International Human Rights Law en
dc.rights.access This item is restricted for 2 years from the date issued en
dc.contributor.department American University in Cairo. Dept. of Law en

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  • Theses and Dissertations [1707]
    This collection includes theses and dissertations authored by American University in Cairo graduate students.

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