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dc.contributor Gopalaswamy, Bharath
dc.contributor.author Aboul Enein, Sameh en
dc.creator Aboul Enein, Sameh
dc.date 2009
dc.date.accessioned 2012-03-26T12:36:09Z
dc.date.available 2012-03-26T16:00:08Z
dc.date.issued 2012-03-26T16:00:08Z
dc.identifier.uri http://dar.aucegypt.edu/handle/10526/3005
dc.description.abstract Over sixty years after the introduction of nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles in the Second World War, the international strategic environment is becoming increasingly complex and competitive. The Revolution in Military Affairs penetrates multiple dimensions of national and international security. The arms race extends from nanospace to outer space, transcending national borders. Nuclear weapons and missiles, which played a central role during the Cold War, have not lost their prominence: strong political forces maintain that nuclear deterrence remains a cornerstone of national security for the foreseeable future, despite a growing movement to eliminate nuclear arsenals. In 2002, the United States asserted that its nuclear weapons would continue to play a “critical role” because they possess “unique properties”.1 However, without an appropriate delivery capability, the military utility of nuclear weapons is limited. Missiles appear attractive as they are much easier to operate than manned bomber aircraft and do not expose an attacker’s personnel to direct risk.2 The lack of legal structures or taboos against the development, testing and maintenance of missiles creates a conducive environment for their testing. Thus, these complex systems are tested with increasing frequency and are increasingly threatening international stability. To deal with this threat, the ultimate goal for the authors of this paper is the Zero Ballistic Missile (ZBM) regime proposed by the Federation of American Scientists in the early 1990s.3 However, as a starting point we propose that states notify each other in advance of missile flight tests in order to reduce tensions and potential for conflicts. This would be a first step toward a gradual missile flight test ban as a part of a zone free of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). In theory, an advance notification of a missile flight test is realizable and its verification is both technically feasible and financially affordable. Missile testing can be easily monitored from remote sites on the ground, in the air or from space. The non-deployment of missiles can be verified with airborne visual inspection or from space.4 Moreover, the verification process would be a valuable confidence-building measure, and could be particularly beneficial to regions where tensions run high, such as South Asia and the Middle East. The Peace Research Institute Frankfurt has set up a Multilateral Study Group on the Establishment of a Missile-Free Zone in the Middle East (MSG). The MSG, academic and theoretical in nature, brings together experts from the Middle East, China, Europe, the Russian Federation and the United States. It is an attempt to explore a regional effort to control delivery systems as well as to examine the possibility of banning their testing as part of the overall effort to establish a WMD-free zone in the Middle East. en
dc.format.medium journals (periodicals) en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Disarmament Forum en
dc.subject Missile Regime, Verification, Test Bans and Free Zones, Disarmament Forum en
dc.subject.classification Article in conference proceedings en
dc.title Missile regime, verification, test bans and free zones, disarmament forum en
dc.type Text en
dc.contributor.sponsor American University in Cairo. Dept. of Public Policy and Administration en
dc.subject.discipline Global Affairs en
dc.rights.access This item is available en
dc.publisher.location UNIDIR, Geneva en


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  • Faculty and Staff Scholarship [240]
    This collection includes research findings, publications, and presentations authored by faculty staff at AUC.

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