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dc.contributor.advisor Sholkamy, Hania
dc.contributor.advisor Barsoum, Ghada
dc.contributor.advisor Al-Sharmani, Mulki Aboul Ela, Magda
dc.creator Aboul Ela, Magda 2012-06-03T07:12:45Z 2012-11-30T16:00:04Z 2012 Spring 2012-06-03T07:12:45Z
dc.description.abstract It is noticeable that the female professional employment is declining among graduate students in Egypt. The patriarchal gendered attitudes permeate family, labor market and state to form a powerful obstacle to women's equal participation in the labor market. The young women struggle to position themselves in the labor market without institutional or structural coverage. On one hand the patriarchal family reinforces the gender norms that dictate the secondary status of women whether at the household or in the labor market and moreover, preaches the male dominance ideology. On the other hand the state's legislation deepens this secondary status of women be reinforcing that women's first responsibility is their families'. Furthermore, the employers as producers and bearers of gender norms apply firing and hiring practices and procedures that strengthen the male dominance ideology in the labor market. Young women in their trial to join the labor market struggle the gendered societal norms and the neoliberal economic system and the Structured Adjusted Programs adopted since the 1990s. These programs failed to create suitable jobs for the skilled, qualified female to compensate the freezing of the public sector as the previous main employer of women in Egypt in Nasser's era and before Sadat's â Open doorâ policy. Moreover, neoliberal programs are non gender sensitive as they failed to accommodate women's production activity with their reproduction activities. The study adopted feminist perspective to frame the question of the decline of the professional employment among young women university graduates with case studies of students and graduates of Computer Science and Engineering at the American University in Cairo. Such a perspective allows access the barriers between subjectivity and objectivity; guarantees diversity and enables studying the articulation between neopartriarchy and neoliberalism in causing the phenomenon. The findings of the research indicated the importance of the private life over the business careers of the young women and the identification of women with domestic activities as natural and moral assignment. It also asserted the stagnation of the gender relations due to the failure of the economic development and the articulation between the gendered state and neopatriarchal Islamists. The research also remarks the failure of bargaining ability among the young women that extends to the labor market. The research calls for social transformation rather than just improving public services. My research aspires to contribute to a positive social change in the position of women in Egypt and to adopt social policy that promotes gender equality and advocates work as a human right. Key words: neoliberalism, structured adjustment programs, neopatriarchy, Gender norms/relations, Private/Public life, new domesticity . en
dc.format.medium theses en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.rights Author retains all rights with regard to copyright. en
dc.subject Gender roles en
dc.subject Patriarchy en
dc.subject Labor market en
dc.subject Social structure en
dc.subject Social change en
dc.subject Employment en
dc.subject Women en
dc.subject Housewives en
dc.subject.lcsh Thesis (M.A.)--American University in Cairo en
dc.subject.lcsh Women -- Employment -- Social aspects -- Egypt.
dc.subject.lcsh Women's rights -- Egypt.
dc.subject.lcsh Women -- Egypt -- Social conditions.
dc.subject.lcsh Women -- Egypt -- Economic conditions.
dc.title Between family and market: the decline of professional employment among Egyptian female university graduates en
dc.type Text en
dc.subject.discipline Gender and Women's Studies in the Middle East/North Africa en
dc.rights.access This item is restricted for 6 months from the date issued en
dc.contributor.department American University in Cairo. Cynthia Nelson Center for Gender and Women's Studies en
dc.description.irb American University in Cairo Institutional Review Board approval has been obtained for this item. en

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  • Theses and Dissertations [1841]
    This collection includes theses and dissertations authored by American University in Cairo graduate students.

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