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dc.contributor.advisor McMahon, Sean
dc.contributor.advisor Tschirgi, Dan
dc.contributor.advisor Rein, Sandra Aarseth, Tori
dc.creator Aarseth, Tori 2012-07-13T14:50:28Z 2012-07-13T16:00:02Z 2012 Spring 2012-07-13T14:50:28Z
dc.description.abstract The topic of this thesis is the privatization of security and military services, and how the emergence of a private military industry should be understood. The argument I put forward has two integrated components. The first has to do with the ways in which privately provided security differs from publicly provided security, and the second with how privatization of security affects the distribution of power between social classes. I argue that privately provided security differs from publicly provided security in three main ways. First, the provision of security is depoliticized and turned into a technical issue that should be dealt with by experts only. Second, the objects to be secured are VIPs and selected areas controlled by those who have the means to pay for security, rather than national territories as a whole. Third, the implication of this shift from collective to individual security is that there will be more insecurity over all. These systematic differences in security provision mean that privatization of security is a trend which benefits the transnational capitalist class (TCC) exclusively. In order to substantiate my argument, I examine the activities of private military companies (PMCs) in Colombia and Iraq. In both countries, PMCs have been used by their national governments, foreign governments carrying out military interventions there, and transnational corporations. I found that PMCs constitute a uniquely suited tool to further capitalist interests through military means while keeping their activity and its purpose behind a veil of secrecy. They also provide a mechanism through which money can be transferred from public coffers to private hands, and through which states at the receiving end of military intervention can be made to pay for their own subjugation. PMCs should thus be understood as a tool for assisting the TCC in accumulation by dispossession abroad, rather than as a technical or cost-saving improvement as neoliberal ideology purports. en
dc.format.medium theses en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.rights Author retains all rights with regard to copyright. en
dc.subject Private military companies en
dc.subject Private security services en
dc.subject Columbia en
dc.subject Iraq en
dc.subject Corporate power en
dc.subject Neoliberalism en
dc.subject Globalization en
dc.subject Capitalism en
dc.subject.lcsh Thesis (M.A.)--American University in Cairo en
dc.subject.lcsh Privatization -- Political aspects.
dc.subject.lcsh Neoliberalism.
dc.subject.lcsh Globalization -- Economic aspects.
dc.subject.lcsh Capitalism.
dc.subject.lcsh Private military companies -- Colombia.
dc.subject.lcsh Private military companies -- Iraq.
dc.subject.lcsh Private security services -- Colombia.
dc.subject.lcsh Private security services -- Iraq.
dc.title Private military companies: assisting the transnational capitalist class in accumulation by dispossession en
dc.type Text en
dc.subject.discipline International Relations en
dc.rights.access This item is available en
dc.contributor.department American University in Cairo. Dept. of Political Science en
dc.description.irb American University in Cairo Institutional Review Board approval has been obtained for this item. en

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  • Theses and Dissertations [1866]
    This collection includes theses and dissertations authored by American University in Cairo graduate students.

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