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dc.contributor.advisor Ikram, Salima Brown, Nicholas R 2016-01-22T10:25:28Z 2018-01-21T22:00:36Z Fall 2015 en_US 2016-01-22
dc.description.abstract Sticks and staves are some of ancient Egypt’s most versatile tools: they can function as badges of status, walking aids, tools for farmers, weapons for guards, or any combination of these. Though earlier studies have examined the names and types of staves from all periods of ancient Egypt, no former scholarship has exclusively examined the ways in which sticks are used in tomb decoration from the 18th Dynasty. By looking at how the staves are used in elite tomb decoration, one is able to understand how the staff had both a practical use as well as symbolic meaning associated with it. The current study focuses on elite tomb decoration from the 18th Dynasty necropoleis of Memphis, Amarna, Thebes, and el-Kab. What follows is a survey of known 18th Dynasty staves, either from excavated contexts or museum collections, to see how the physical evidence matches with what is depicted in the tombs, as well as to understand the role of this artifact within ancient Egyptian burials during the 18th Dynasty. Results indicate that some sticks served multiple purposes: used as a sign of social rank, but also as a tool with which to punish or protect. Other sticks, however, are used exclusively as funerary offerings or badges of status for the figure carrying them. Additionally, it has been found that officials, after death, carry both the mdw staff and the wAs scepter to indicate their divine transformation. This is due to the staves’ associations with the cardinal directions, embalming tents, and/or their frequent use by deities. The physical survey of sticks shows that staves were an important part of the burial of the deceased, and that they were either purpose-made funerary offerings or daily life objects which were then ritually transformed into sacred items. The deceased, in the afterlife, used their sticks to aid in achieving divine status, traverse the path between this world and the next, and to indicate their authority amongst the dead. en_US
dc.format.extent 267 p. en_US
dc.format.medium theses en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights Author retains all rights with regard to copyright. en
dc.subject Staff en_US
dc.subject Stick en_US
dc.subject Staves en_US
dc.subject Sticks en_US
dc.subject Insignia en_US
dc.subject Divine Transformation en_US
dc.subject Funerary Rites en_US
dc.subject Tomb Decoration en_US
dc.subject 18th/Eighteenth Dynasty en_US
dc.subject Funerary Offering en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Thesis (M.A.)--American University in Cairo en_US
dc.title Come my staff, I lean upon you: an iconographic and contextual study of sticks and staves from 18th dynasty Egypt en_US
dc.type Text en_US
dc.subject.discipline Egyptology en_US
dc.rights.access This item is restricted for 2 years from the date issued en_US
dc.contributor.department American University in Cairo. Dept. of Sociology, Anthropology, Psychology, and Egyptology en_US
dc.description.irb American University in Cairo Institutional Review Board approval is not necessary for this item, since the research is not concerned with living human beings or bodily tissue samples. en_US
dc.contributor.committeeMember Sabbahy, Lisa
dc.contributor.committeeMember Haikal, Fayza

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  • Theses and Dissertations [1732]
    This collection includes theses and dissertations authored by American University in Cairo graduate students.

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