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dc.contributor.advisor Hanna, Nelly Shaaban, Muhammad 2016-01-26T07:08:41Z Fall 2015 en_US 2016-01-26
dc.description.abstract The narrative chronicles that document the Mamlūk Empire frequently mention the various pious endowments (sing. waqf, pl. awqāf) of their day. This institution’s importance to the social, political and economic spheres of the Mamlūk Empire is evident by the numerous treatises written about pious endowment and the impressive amount of endowed buildings built from the mid-thirteenth century till the early sixteenth century. This study intends to investigate why this institution became so pervasive during the Bahrī period (648-792 A.H./1250-1382 A.D.) by examining endowed institutions in their entirety. While investigating the endowments of Qalāwūnid sultans, this thesis argues that endowments were consciously employed in order to cultivate legitimacy, power, and patronage networks. Mamlūk pious endowments also provide insights into the land tenure system and power structure that began to change after the third reign of al-Nāṣir Muḥammad b. Qalāwūn (r. 709-41/1310-41). The employment of pious endowments by the Mamlūk elite to realize various goals illustrates the institutions flexibility and its ability to adapt to changing circumstances allowed for the institution’s longevity. These developments and the prevalence of endowments created a precedent for the Burjī Mamlūk period (784-923/1382-1517) which saw the “waqfization” of the land tenure system during the fifteenth century. en_US
dc.format.extent 169 p. en_US
dc.format.medium theses en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights Author retains all rights with regard to copyright. en
dc.subject mamluk en_US
dc.subject waqf en_US
dc.subject awqaf en_US
dc.subject bahri en_US
dc.subject endowments en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Thesis (M.A.)--American University in Cairo en_US
dc.title Piety and power: Pious endowments in the Bahrī Mamlūk period, 1250-1382 en_US
dc.type Text en_US
dc.subject.discipline History en_US
dc.rights.access This item is available en_US
dc.contributor.department American University in Cairo. Dept. of Arab and Islamic Civilizations en_US
dc.description.irb American University in Cairo Institutional Review Board approval has been obtained for this item. en_US
dc.contributor.committeeMember Elbendary, Amina
dc.contributor.committeeMember Fernandes, Leonor

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  • Theses and Dissertations [1707]
    This collection includes theses and dissertations authored by American University in Cairo graduate students.

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