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dc.contributor.advisor Skouteris, Thomas Ismail, Ahmed 2017-10-10T08:05:04Z 2018-01-08T22:00:15Z Fall 2017 en_US 2017-10-10
dc.description.abstract The U.S. and U.K. attacks on the territory of Afghanistan on 7 October 2001 were not justified as a legal application of their inherent right to self-defense under international law. The attacks of 9/11 on the World Trade Center were not armed attacks by the State of Afghanistan; neither did the U.S. letter to the Security Council nor official documents and statements prove Taliban’s responsibility and effective control over al Qaeda’s terrorist operation on the U.S. soil. Even if the U.S. and U.K. invoked Article 51, considering 9/11 as armed attacks, the 7 October 2001 attacks on the territory of Afghanistan still did not satisfy customary law requirements of self-defense; necessity, proportionality, and immediacy. In addition, the U.S. and U.K. arguments for anticipatory use of force in the face of imminent threats by Afghanistan were not supported by evidence to the Council. Moreover, both governments did not receive Security Council authorization to use force in self-defense when they attacked Afghanistan. en_US
dc.format.extent 83 p. en_US
dc.format.medium theses en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights Author retains all rights with regard to copyright. en
dc.subject international law en_US
dc.subject war en_US
dc.subject legality of US attacks en_US
dc.subject Afghanistan en_US
dc.subject Security Council authorization to use force en_US
dc.subject article 2 (4) en_US
dc.subject article 51 en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Thesis (L.L.M.)--American University in Cairo en_US
dc.title The legality of the October 7th 2001 attacks on Afghanistan under international law en_US
dc.type Text en_US
dc.subject.discipline International and Comparative Law en_US
dc.rights.access This item is restricted for 3 months from the date issued en_US
dc.contributor.department American University in Cairo. Dept. of Law en_US
dc.description.irb American University in Cairo Institutional Review Board approval is not necessary for this item, since the research is not concerned with living human beings or bodily tissue samples. en_US
dc.contributor.committeeMember Beckett, Jason
dc.contributor.committeeMember Sayed, Hani
dc.contributor.committeeMember Skouteris, Thomas

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  • Theses and Dissertations [1528]
    This collection includes theses and dissertations authored by American University in Cairo graduate students.

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