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dc.contributor.advisor ElKhodary, Khalil Abdel-Raouf, Yousof 2020-06-10T22:07:46Z 2020-06-11T22:00:06Z Spring 2020 en_US 2020-06-11
dc.description.abstract The Living Heart Project aims to offer medical practitioners and researchers a full-heart electromechanical computational platform to explore and assess clinical cases pertaining to the left ventricle (LV), and the less addressed right ventricle (RV). It does not, however, provide an easy solution to applying this platform to patient-specific cases that account for a large variability among cases. We, therefore, present a solution to modify the Living Human Heart Model (LHHM) to obtain a patient-specific geometry using the thermal expansion method, with iteratively adjusted parameters that accurately simulate the case of a 72-year-old female patient suffering from secondary pulmonary hypertension caused by mitral valve regurgitation (MR). The patient underwent MV replacement and we simulate the heart from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images prior to surgery and 3 days following surgery. A mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) of approximately 64 mmHg was demonstrated before surgery, along with a severe lack of coaptation of the mitral valve. Reduced function of the cardiac chambers is exhibited in the reduced ejection fraction (EF). We also demonstrate left-side failure, an increase in Global Longitudinal Strain (GLS) and the location of maximum cardiac wall stress located at the mid anterolateral wall of the RV where dilation traditionally manifests. Comparison of patient geometry pre-operation and post-surgery showed a change in shape of the Tricuspid Annulus (TA) in systole. A rigid constraint across the TA was used to simulate an annuloplasty ring, and an increase in ring-widening forces was observed post-operation, with a significant reduction in forces being present in contractile forces on the ring. This model led us to conclude that the patient will likely develop TV annular dilatation and subsequent regurgitation in the absence of intervention. We verify the use of the LHHM for assessing potential remodeling and subclinical RV dysfunction, and subsequent intervention and attenuation of pulmonary hypertension by a mitral valve replacement. The lack of personalization and wide variability have remained a significant reason for the slow adoption rate of computational tools among medical practitioners, but we see this work as a substantial addition to computational cardiology, and foresee a closer integration of such technology to mainstream application among members of the medical community. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship We wish to acknowledge the support of the Al-Alfi Foundation en_US
dc.format.extent 076 p. en_US
dc.format.medium theses en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights Author retains all rights with regard to copyright. en
dc.subject Pulmonary Hypertension en_US
dc.subject Dilation en_US
dc.subject Mitral Valve en_US
dc.subject Functional Tricuspid Regurgitation en_US
dc.subject Finite Element en_US
dc.subject Annuloplasty ring en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Thesis (M.S.)--American University in Cairo en_US
dc.title A patient-specific adaptation of the Living Human Heart Model in application to pulmonary hypertension en_US
dc.type Text en_US
dc.subject.discipline Biotechnology en_US
dc.rights.access This item is available en_US
dc.contributor.department American University in Cairo. Dept. of Biology en_US
dc.description.irb American University in Cairo Institutional Review Board approval is not necessary for this item, since the research is not concerned with living human beings or bodily tissue samples. en_US
dc.contributor.committeeMember Badran (co-advisor), Mohamad
dc.contributor.committeeMember Heidari (co-advisor), Alireza
dc.contributor.committeeMember Khalaf, Kinda
dc.contributor.committeeMember El Morsy, Mohamed

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  • Theses and Dissertations [1867]
    This collection includes theses and dissertations authored by American University in Cairo graduate students.

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