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dc.contributor.advisor Sayed, Hani Nirenberg, Briana 2020-11-11T10:45:45Z 2020-11-11T22:00:07Z Fall 2020 en_US 2020-11-11
dc.description.abstract Identity, though deeply personal, has often been exploited by the ruling class in order to gain power over their subjects. The preservation of social cleavages—be they national, ethnic, racial, religious, et cetera—is thus a matter of public policy. To ensure the propagation of a certain identity, the state must rely on its current citizens to reproduce the social structures that give their identities value. In order to maintain boundaries between the factions, groups must remain “pure” lest these structures be challenged. While prohibitions on whom an individual can marry exist across systems, they take on different, more subtle forms in the modern era. In the Middle East, legal approaches to marriage often emulate the millet system of the Ottoman Empire, in which religious communities have jurisdiction over their adherents in affairs relating to personal status. Using Israel as a case study, this paper explores the careful negotiation that occurs when a legal system attempts to incorporate religious law into civil law, which naturally presents both practical and ideological challenges. A country less than a century old, Israel is home to a complex social hierarchy of various ethnic and religious groups, a social hierarchy in which one’s ethnic or religious identification is often cross-cutting with his socioeconomic status, level of education, and presumed loyalty to the state. It is also a social hierarchy that despite—or maybe because—of its complexities is quite rigid. Due to the state’s delegation of personal status to the religious courts, the religious demographics of the state, and the fact that all of Israel’s religious authorities have prohibitions against marrying a member of another faith, interfaith marriage remains an impossibility for most, with even informal recognition being difficult to obtain. Israel has capitalized on the forced segregation imposed by the millet system and used as means of demographic regulations, despite its infringement on the right to choose one’s own romantic partner. en_US
dc.format.extent 66 p. en_US
dc.format.medium theses en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights Author retains all rights with regard to copyright. en
dc.subject israel en_US
dc.subject social identity en_US
dc.subject interfaith marriage en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Thesis (M.A.)--American University in Cairo en_US
dc.title Regulating demographics through regulating marriage: Israel’s millet-based approach to personal status law and its ramifications on the social hierarchy en_US
dc.type Text en_US
dc.subject.discipline International Human Rights Law en_US
dc.rights.access This item is available en_US
dc.contributor.department American University in Cairo. Dept. of Law en_US
dc.description.irb American University in Cairo Institutional Review Board approval is not necessary for this item, since the research is not concerned with living human beings or bodily tissue samples. en_US
dc.contributor.committeeMember Beckett, Jason
dc.contributor.committeeMember Skouteris, Thomas

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  • Theses and Dissertations [1867]
    This collection includes theses and dissertations authored by American University in Cairo graduate students.

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