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dc.contributor.advisor Kagan, Michael
dc.contributor.author Wankel, Mallory Charlotte
dc.creator Wankel, Mallory Charlotte
dc.date.accessioned 2010-06-01T10:16:36Z
dc.date.available 2010-06-01T10:16:36Z
dc.date.created 2010 Spring
dc.date.issued 2010-06-01T10:16:36Z
dc.identifier.uri http://dar.aucegypt.edu/handle/10526/737
dc.description.abstract The long-running controversy in international refugee law over the concept of safe third countries is particularly challenging when refugees migrate irregularly from urban settings. While urban-based refugees often face a distinct set of human rights violations, the complexity that characterizes how these abuses fit into the larger picture of urban poverty and state ineffectiveness, combined with continued ambiguity concerning the minimal standards of protection necessary to allow a state to return a refugee to a first country of asylum, allows receiving states to deny protection obligations by relying on the argument that the hardships compelling movement, if they did not amount to a threat of refoulement, do not fundamentally differ from those facing the national urban poor. Since 2005, increasing numbers of Sub-Saharan African refugees have crossed from Egypt into Israel via the Sinai border, most reporting that harsh living conditions and acute vulnerability to violence and exploitation in Egypt left them with no choice but to move on illegally. While Israel has refrained from deporting the vast majority, it continues to deny its legal obligations to those arriving from Egypt, arguing that most had obtained protection from persecution and that their reasons for movement are instead primarily economic. Based on information obtained from interviews with refugees in Tel Aviv and Cairo, this study aims to more clearly define Israel's legal obligations by carrying out an analysis of the conditions compelling movement based on the principles developed in R. (Adam, Limbuela, and Tesema) v. Secretary of State for the Home Department (2005) a landmark case which expanded the meaning and scope of the international prohibition on cruel, inhuman, and degrading treatment. I do not attempt to assess comprehensively the empirical nature of migration from Egypt to Israel, but rather to use this sample of interviews as a case study to apply this emerging area of law to bridge the gap between the realities compelling onward movement from urban contexts and the minimal constraints on return currently accepted as binding. en
dc.format.medium theses en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.rights Author retains all rights with regard to copyright. en
dc.subject.lcsh Thesis (M.A.)--American University in Cairo en
dc.title Rethinking norms on return to urban refugee situations: Sub-Saharan African refugees in Cairo and irregular secondary movement to Israel en
dc.type Text en
dc.subject.discipline International Human Rights Law en
dc.rights.access This item is restricted forever en
dc.contributor.department American University in Cairo. Dept. of Law en


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  • Theses and Dissertations [716]
    This collection includes theses and dissertations authored by American University in Cairo graduate students.

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